Interesting Facts About Jaguars
The Panthera onca, commonly known as the jaguar is the largest wildcat found in the Americas. Jaguars commonly reside in swamps, savannahs and rain forests. They can also be found in deserts and scrubs. Jaguars are distinguished from other wildcats by their dark spots. Their orange coats are marked with dark spots that look like roses and are known as rosettes.
Position in Cat Family
Although jaguars are the largest of the big cats in the South America region, it is the third largest in the world.
Jaguars are generally solitary animals. They mark their territory using their territory or by uniquely clawing trees. Their territories span between 80 and 90 km2. Males come together with females only during the mating season.
How Big Is A Jaguar?
A jaguar can be as long as six feet or so and weigh a bit over 200 pounds.
The bite of a jaguar is very strong due to its very powerful jaw. A jaguar’s bite can pierce and average skull or even crack the shell of a sea turtle. Jaguars can jump int water and rip out and destroy crocodiles and alligators.
Breeding of jaguars occur all year round. The females bear up to four cubs after a gestation period of about 100 days. Once born, the cubs roam with the mother for two years after which they disperse.
At best only about 15,000 jaguars are alive and well in the Americas. Thre are efforts to rescue and protect jaguars and more information is available here.
Jaguars competently scale trees as they are very good climbers. They not only climb trees to rest but also as a hunting strategy. They stalk their unsuspecting prey from the trees after which they pounce on them to make their kill.
Diet – What Do Jaguars Eat?
Like the other wild cats, jaguars are carnivores, meaning they feed primarily on meat. They feed on various animals ranging from deer to reptiles such as fish through to frogs.
Typically, jaguars live for about 12 years.
Although rare, there are melanistic jaguars that are black in color due to genetic mutation. The condition results in the fur and skin containing larger than normal dark pigment amounts.
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