Are you considering adding a new saltwater fish tank to your home? There are several crucial maintenance elements to remember for saltwater tanks, whether you’re an experienced hobbyist or brand new. Look below to explore what you should know before getting a saltwater aquarium.
The Difference Between Saltwater and Freshwater
It’s critical to understand the differences between saltwater and freshwater aquariums. The aquarium type you choose will influence upkeep tasks and the fish you can have. The main distinction is that freshwater tanks are home to fish from rivers and lakes, whereas saltwater tanks house species usually in the ocean. Saltwater fish are considerably more vibrant and diversified, which is why many people are ready to go the additional mile to support their habitat.
Adding Marine Life Can Help Regulate Environment
After cycling your water and before adding your fish, you should introduce a robust marine cleaning team. This group may include invertebrates, such as snails and crabs, that help manage the ecosystem by devouring algae and uneaten food. Wait a few weeks before introducing your fish to make sure your water parameters are stable. You need to be especially mindful of salinity and temperature.
Focusing on Filtration
Filtration is essential for maintaining a healthy saltwater aquarium. Filtration includes three types: biological, mechanical, and chemical. Biological filtration uses living rock and Berlin filtration systems to transform ammonia to nitrate with the help of microorganisms.
It’s especially important to keep ammonia levels to a minimum because elevated levels can be toxic to fish and other marine life inside the tank. Biological filtration can keep levels down, but live rock must undergo curing first or risk further contaminating the water. You should also make sure to perform regular water changes to keep potentially harmful nitrates in check.
Mechanical filtration involves a canister filter physically removing dissolved and particulate matter from the tank. Finally, chemical filters are screens that use chemical processes or adsorption to remove dangerous pollutants from saltwater.
Supplementing Fish Food
Fish flakes that you buy from any pet shop should be fine for your saltwater fish. However, you should consider complementing these flakes with other meals to add variety to their diet. A diverse diet will ensure they get all the essential nutrients they need to thrive. Here are some of the food items you can feed your fish:
- White worms
- Brine shrimp
- Tubifex worms
You’ll find many of these items already freeze-dried or frozen. However, some come live, which can be beneficial for species that enjoy hunting.
Going over what you should know before getting a saltwater aquarium can help you prepare for your new responsibilities. As long as you give your fish the care and attention they need, they should thrive.